Estimated proportion out of eating plan by chick-rearing several months and you can reproduction colony

Estimated proportion out of eating plan by chick-rearing several months and you can reproduction colony

Type in ? 15 N opinions certainly one of reproduction territories differed according on hottie-rearing several months (Fig cuatro)

The new interaction anywhere between breeding colony and you may hatching big date showed that the fresh new improvement in ? 13 C values with hatching timing varied certainly one of reproduction territories. Merely in Suhaam, ? thirteen C values away from chicks enhanced 0.24 ± 0.07‰ per day (0.10–0.38‰/day) along side hottie-rearing several months, whenever you are discover no proof of change towards almost every other colonies (Gujido: -0.04 ± 0.10‰/date -0.24–0.15‰/day; Namdongji: 0.02 ± 0.06‰/go out -0.10–0.13‰/day; Chilsando: -0.05 ± 0.09‰/date, -0.23–0.12‰/day).

To have ? fifteen N, an entire design differed significantly about null design (? dos = , df = a dozen, p dos = 8.54, df = 3, p = 0.036) and reproduction nest and you can hatching big date (? dos = nine.23, df = step three, p = 0.026), just like the correspondence anywhere between chick-rearing several months and you can hatching go out for ? 15 Letter wasn’t tall (? 2 = step one.09, df = 1, p = 0.292; S2 Dining table). The low model showed that ? 15 N beliefs from chicks differed between chick-rearing attacks merely during the chicks within Chilsando, where ? 15 Letter values to your later hottie-rearing months was in fact step one.01 ± 0.33‰ straight down (0.33–1.68‰) than others at the beginning of chick-rearing months (Fig cuatro). There is zero proof a big difference within the ? 15 N viewpoints between chick-rearing episodes on almost every other colonies (Gujido: -0.04 ± 0.45‰, -0.95–0.88‰; Suhaam: -0.01 ± 0.39‰, -0.81–0.77‰; Namdongji: -0.twenty-five ± 0.42‰, -1.10–0.59‰; Fig 4). To the early chick-rearing year, the fresh feathers away from chicks at the Gujido had the low ? fifteen N opinions (eleven.8 ± 0.41‰); one of the almost every other three colonies, the latest ? fifteen N beliefs regarding girls during the Chilsando (sixteen.3 ± 0.41‰) had been dramatically higher than those within Suhaam (fourteen.8 ± 0.30‰) and you may Namdonji (fourteen.9 ± 0.34‰). To the late chick-rearing season, ? fifteen N opinions away from girls have been all the way down in the Gujido (eleven.8 ± 0.41‰) than just at the almost every other breeding colonies, so there was zero distinction one of many other colonies (Suhaam: 14.8 ± 0.30‰, Namdonji: fifteen.dos ± 0.34‰, Chilsando: fifteen.3 ± 0.24‰; Fig cuatro).

I failed to look for supporting proof with the improvement in ? fifteen Letter values because of the hatching time out-of chicks in every reproduction colony (Gujido: 0.01 ± 0.07‰/big date -0.06–0.09 ‰/day; Suhaam: 0.04 ± 0.03‰/day, -0.01–0.09 ‰/day; Namdongji: -0.03 ± 0.02‰/day, -0.07–0.01 ‰/day; Chilsando: -0.06 ± 0.03‰/time, -0.13–0.01 ‰/day).

New Bayesian mixing design plus presented a great spatial difference in eating plan fool around with between reproduction territories (Fig 5), and that indicated that the food diet composition off spoonbill girls in the Gujido try primarily different from one in other reproduction territories. Despite freshwater wetlands not-being available for foraging about area (Fig step one, Desk 1), chicks at Gujido were fed almost totally freshwater diets (>79%) in both age range, and they diets was in fact reigned over from the freshwater invertebrates (Fig 5). Additionally, other populations that will availability freshwater wetlands and intertidal portion made use of each other marine and freshwater dining supplies at the a comparable price throughout the brand new hottie-rearing months (Fig best transgender dating sites 5). The newest model showed that girls within Chilsando was indeed given with more freshwater and you can aquatic fish at the beginning of blog post-hatching months than other colonies (Fig 5). In addition, there is certainly higher convergence of estimated diet plan benefits between the very early and you may later chick-rearing attacks (Fig 5).


One particular well-known interested in is that proportion regarding freshwater diet is actually higher from the Gujido, in which no freshwater wetlands are available for foraging when you look at the normal foraging range (11 km in the nest). At exactly the same time, on almost every other colonies discovered close to the coastline, and Suhaam, Namdongji, and you will Chilsando, people given their girls having target from intertidal mudflats and freshwater wetlands at an equivalent price. This result is within the agreement that have those of past accounts, and this revealed that the grownups in the other overseas countries don’t offer into the nearby intertidal apartments however, regarding a great deal more faraway freshwater wetlands as an alternative, while those during the inshore islands put each other habitats. These results including validate new results from early in the day profile appearing one the latest dieting out-of chicks inside offshore territories primarily originated from freshwater habitats [17, 18]. Pertaining to temporary change in the fresh new ratio off freshwater dieting, the analysis showed that ? thirteen C thinking, which have been familiar with consider eating plan proportions regarding freshwater and intertidal wetlands, were higher in early hottie-rearing months than simply inside late chick-rearing several months. At the same time, ? 13 C opinions to own Suhaam increased in addition to hatching timing. These efficiency signify, within the Suhaam, the newest freshwater eating plan ratio off girls was large during the very early chick-rearing season compared to late hottie-rearing period, whenever you are very early-breeding spoonbills might feed its chicks with additional freshwater sufferer than just spoonbills reproduction after. These results are in line with earlier findings held on seaside section doing Suhaam, and therefore indicated that the number of spoonbills foraging from inside the grain paddies diminished along side hottie-rearing seasons regarding coastal area to Suhaam [17, 36, 78].

Dejar un comentario

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *

Carrito de compra

¿Aún no estás registrado? Crea una cuenta ahora.